Showing 26 results

Authority record

Bakker, Gijs

  • Getty Thesaurus
  • Person
  • 1942-present

He was trained as a jewelry and industrial designer at the Gerrit Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam and at the Konstfack Skolen in Stockholm. His designs cover jewelry, home accessories, household appliances, furniture, interiors, public spaces, and exhibitions. He has worked for numerous companies, including Polaroid, Artifort, Droog Design, Castelijn, HEMA, Royal VKB, and ENO Studio. With Renny Ramakers, Bakker founded Droog Design in Amsterdam in 1993, a Dutch “brand” of products created by an array of international designers. With Ramakers, he was the selector and art director of all products for Droog Design until 2009.
He has also taught design at various schools for more than 40 years. After teaching at the Design Academy Eindhoven (DAE) for more than 15 years, in 2010 he was appointed Head of the Masters Program.
In 1996, he established the Chi ha paura...? (Italian for “Who’s afraid of…?”) Foundation in 1996 together with Marijke Vallanzasca. He investigates the relation between craft and design in his work. Bakker travels around the world to present workshops and lectures about his own work, Droog Design, CHP, and Yii (HAN Gallery) and is frequently a member of juries.
His work is represented widely in international public and private collections worldwide and he is the recipient of many accolades, among them the 2011 Sanoma Lifetime Achievement Award (Amsterdam), Gijs Bakker was most recently honored in 2012 as “Best International Jewelry Designer,” by the Andrea Palladio International Jewelry Awards.

Blom, Piet

  • Getty Thesaurus
  • Person
  • 1934-1999

Piet Blom was a Dutch architect best known for his 'Kubuswoningen' (Cube houses) built in Helmond in the mid-1970s and in Rotterdam in the early 1980s. He studied at the Amsterdam Academy of Building-Arts as a student of Aldo van Eyck. He was selected as the Dutch Prix de Rome recipient in 1962 and is a representative of the Structuralist movement. There is a Museum dedicated to Piet Blom's works that opened in May, 2013 in Hengelo, The Netherlands.

Cyoni, Christopher

  • Getty Thesaurus
  • Person
  • 1924-2004

Owtram was born in Uganda, studied at the Architectural Association in London(1942), was in the war from 1942-1946, and continued his education at the School of Architecture, Liverpool University(1946-1951). He moved to Canada in 1954, and was in private practice in Vancouver from 1954 to 1961. Became a member of the Architectural Institute of British Columbia (MAIBC) in 1954. In 1955, he received a special recommendation and $200 for his design of the Queen Elizabeth Theatre. He changed his last name to Cyoni in 1960. In 1961 he moved to Scottsdale, Arizona, where he set up a practice. In 1967 he changed his name again, this time to Cyaioni.

Ashihara, Yoshinobu

  • Getty Thesaurus
  • Person
  • 1918-2003

Japanese architect and writer. He graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1942 and in 1946–7 he worked in Tokyo. After receiving a master’s degree from Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (1953), he worked in New York (1953–6). In 1956 he returned to Japan and opened his own office in Tokyo. One of his principal concerns was the use of logical structural systems to create flexible, integrated space within buildings. He developed the use of split levels or ‘skip’ floors to combine spaces of various sizes, earning him the Architectural Institute of Japan prize in 1960. The Sony building (1966), Tokyo, was designed as a cubic spiral of skip floors, creating organic spatial continuity throughout the building with spaces that interrelate with each other and with their environment. A similar concept was used for the Japanese pavilion at Expo ’67 in Montreal, for which he received an award from the Ministry of Education. The continuity and flow of space between interior and exterior, and in the spaces between buildings, were also addressed, for example in the Komazawa Olympic Gymnasium (1964), Tokyo, which received a special award from the Architectural Institute of Japan. His National Museum of Japanese History (1980), Sakura, also won a prize, from the Japan Institute of Art. Ashihara received a PhD from the University of Tokyo in 1961 and was appointed professor at several universities, both in Japan and overseas. He was a vice-president of the Architectural Institute of Japan (1976–8) and president of the Japan Architects Association (1980–82).

Akitt, Alan D.

  • Person
  • 1928-2012

He was born in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan in 1928, and graduated from the Faculty of Architecture from the University of Manitoba in 1950. He began his career by moving to Toronto to take a position with John B. Parkin & Associates and eventually established the firm Akitt & Swanson with Herb Swanson. He was a sports enthusiast, enjoying skiing, curling and tennis and golf. He also enjoyed travelling with his wife.

Baldwin, Edward R.

  • Person
  • [ca. 1981]

He was an architect active in Toronto, ON.

Baker, Joseph

  • Person
  • 1929-2015

Born in 1929, in England, he moved to Canada in 1952 and practiced his profession in Toronto and Montreal before being elected president of the Quebec order of architects in 1968. As an architect and as a teacher at McGill and Université Laval, Joseph Baker lived and spread the conviction that architecture must be done "in the street," closest to the people whose lives it can transform. He favoured conservation and rehabilitation of neglected, working-class Montreal neighbourhoods that were being threatened with wholesale demolition. His work to save Griffintown was documented in the 1972 National Film Board film, Griffintown. While Baker was director of Université Laval’s architecture school, he initiated the idea of moving the school from its modern building in a Quebec City suburb to a historically-significant but vacant former seminary in Quebec’s old quarter.
Besides being a world traveller, a cyclist and marathon runner, Baker also had a flare for writing. Bumbaru noted that Baker penned many well-written letters in local French- and English-language newspapers, including the Montreal Gazette, about different causes.

Bourke, Julia

  • Person
  • [ca. 1976]

She studied at Harvard University(1976-1981) and is owner of Julia Bourke Architecture Inc. in Montreal, Quebec.

Blumenfeld, Hans

  • Person
  • 1892-1988

Hans Blumenfeld was an urban and regional planner, educator, author and a consultant. Appointed to the Russian State City Planning Institute from 1930 to 1933, Blumenfeld left the USSR in 1937 for the US where he worked primarily for the Philadelphia Planning Commission. He came to Canada in 1955 as assistant director of the Metropolitan Toronto Planning Board and was instrumental in shaping Toronto and its hinterland. In 1961 he became a private consultant and in 1964 a professor at University of Toronto. He was the author of numerous acclaimed articles and books, including The Modern Metropolis (1967) and Metropolis and Beyond (1979). His most significant contribution was his vision of the "metropolis" as a new urban organism whose unique scale and structure require diagnosis and treatment.

Bedford, Francis

  • Person
  • 1816-1894

Francis Bedford is a founding member of the Royal Photographic Society. From 1850 to 1853 he had a studio located in London, however, in 1854 Bedford was commissioned by Queen Victoria to photograph the Royal Collection. Bedford joined Edward VII on a tour of Palestine, Syria, Constantinople, and Athens in 1862. He is considered one of the best landscape photographers from this era.

Calatrava, Santiago

  • Person
  • 1951-present

He is a Spanish architect, structural design and analyst engineer, sculptor and painter, particularly known for his bridges supported by single leaning pylons, and his railway stations, stadiums, and museums, whose sculptural forms often resemble living organisms. His best-known works include the Milwaukee Art Museum, the Turning Torso tower in Malmö, Sweden, the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge in Dallas, Texas, and his largest project, the City of Arts and Sciences and Opera House, in his birthplace, Valencia. His architectural firm has offices in New York City, Doha, and Zürich.

Chapman, Alfred Hirschfelder

  • Person
  • 1878-1949

Alfred Hirschfelder Chapman (1878-1949) was an important architect in Toronto, Ontario between 1907 and 1943.
Alfred H. Chapman, born 8 December 1878 in Toronto, Ontario, was educated at Harbord Collegiate. Upon completing an apprenticeship with architect Beaumont Jarvis and briefly working with Burke and Horwood, he left to attend the École Nationale et Spéciale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, completing his studies in 1902. He then worked for several years in New York City before returning to Toronto.
Chapman won a design competition for the Toronto Public Reference Library in 1907 and, later that year, formed a partnership with Robert B. McGiffin. Their firm planned a number of buildings in Toronto, including Rosedale Presbyterian Church, the Dovercourt branch of the Toronto Public Library, the Toronto Harbour Commission Building, and a number of residences. Around the year 1911, at least one project was accomplished under the name Chapman, McGiffin and Scott, but the new partner had left by 1912. Chapman and McGiffin dissolved their partnership in 1919.
That same year Chapman joined with engineer J. Morrow Oxley, formerly of the firm Oxley and Harkness. Chapman and Oxley designed many important commercial and public structures in and around Toronto, including the Princes' Gate and Ontario Government Building for the Canadian National Exhibition, Holy Blossom Temple, Runnymede Theatre, and an office building for The Toronto Star. They were also responsible for numerous buildings elsewhere, such as Albert College in Belleville, office buildings in Montreal, and additions to the National Sanitarium at Gravenhurst. Charles D. McKechnie executed decorative sculpture work for the firm. Between 1921-1925 some projects, including the residence of W.O. Tudhope in Orillia, were accomplished under the name Chapman, Oxley and Bishop, with the transitory addition of Roy H. Bishop to the partnership. In the final years of his career, the partnership again expanded to become Chapman, Oxley and Facey, whose project for the new Bank of Montreal Building was interrupted by the start of the Second World War.
Alfred Chapman married Doris Helen Dennison, an English musician, in 1913. They had six children, including son Howard D. Chapman, later to become a Toronto architect as well. He designed several homes for his family on Roxborough Street East in Toronto and a cottage on Lake Simcoe. In 1920, Chapman inherited his father's ice company, Belle Ewart Ice and Fuel Company, later renamed Chapmans Limited, for which Chapman and Oxley also designed various new buildings.
Chapman was a fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, a fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, a past president of the Ontario Association of Architects, and an associate of the Royal Canadian Academy. He suffered a stroke in 1943 and died six years later.

Balharrie, James Watson

  • Person
  • 1910-1967

He was educated at Glebe Collegiate, but did not receive a formal university education in architecture. Instead, he articled with Richards & Abra (in 1928-30) and later worked as a draftsman for W.E. Noffke (in 1938-42). After serving in the Royal Canadian Navy as a designer of Works & Buildings in 1942-44 he was invited to join W.J. Abra in a partnership in 1946. He was one of the few Canadian architects who was a member of C.I.A.M. [Congres International d'Architecture Moderne], a European organization of leading architects and architectural theorists founded in 1928. He was keenly aware of the new tendencies in modern design, and in 1946 distinguished himself by winning Second Prize of $1,500 in the international competition for American Small House Designs. His plans were selected from over 600 submissions, and published in the American journal Progressive Architecture.
In Canada, some of his major projects include the Rideau Carleton Raceway and the Dept. of Health & Welfare Tower in Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa. Balharrie also held the position of assistant professor of architecture at McGill University from 1948.

Boigon, Irving D.

  • Person
  • 1924-2007

Irving Boigon was born in Toronto in 1924. He attended Central Technical School before serving in the Royal Canadian Air Force from 1943-1945. Boigon graduated from the University of Toronto’s School of Architecture in 1951. Throughout his career, he practiced alone and in a number of partnerships. At age 67, Boigon merged his practice with the Petroff Partnership to form Boigon Petroff Shepherd, Architects Inc. In the 1960s Boigon’s firm was involved with ground-breaking public housing commissions, such as the Robert J. Smith Apartments for Metropolitan Toronto. He continued this type of work during the 1980s with the 25 Elm Street project, and into the 1990s with Cityhome’s Jarvis/George project..

Cardinal, Douglas J.

  • Person
  • 1934-

Douglas J. Cardinal, O.C., PH.D. (H.C.) B.ARCH., O.A.A, A.I.A, A.A.A., M.A.A., S.A.A., O.C., R.C.A.A., F.R.A.I.C., F.R.I.A.S was born March 7, 1934 in Calgary, Alberta. He attended St Joseph's Convent residential school near Red Deer, Alta. He was accepted by the School of Architecture at the University of British Columbia in 1952, he studied there for 3 years, finishing his degree at the the University of Texas School of Architecture at Austin where he graduated with honours in 1963.
His list of work and accomplishments is long and varied working on museums, theatres, health centres, and schools. His first major project was the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Gatineau, Quebec.
In 1990 Douglas Cardinal was awarded the ORDER OF CANADA, in 1992 the Canada Council Molson Prize for the Arts and in 1995 the National Aboriginal Achievement Award. In 1999 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, the highest architectural honour bestowed upon an individual in Canada. He was awarded the Governor General's Award for Visual and Media Arts in 2001 and in 2002 he received the Golden Jubilee Medal in honour of Her Majesty the Queen's 50th Anniversary. By the year 2011 he had been granted 12 honorary doctorates in recognition of his significant contribution to excellence in architecture, by every major Canadian university. He was granted a fellowship at Ryerson in 1990.
Douglas Cardinal's office is located in Ottawa. The Douglas Cardinal collection of drawings and models is archived at Carleton University, beginning with his work in 1984. Other material is in the University of Calgary Archives.

Adamson, Gordon S.

  • Person
  • 1904-1986

Born in Orangeville, Ont. on 19 May 1904 he was educated at public and high schools in that town and came to Toronto in 1924 where he enrolled at the School of Architecture at the University of Toronto. Upon graduation with honours in 1928 he was employed by F. Hilton Wilkes of Toronto and worked on the design of the Canada Permanent Building, Bay Street (1928-30) and then joined the office of Sproatt & Rolph in November 1929 where he remained until September 1930. He assisted the prominent landscape architect Edwin Kay of Toronto from June of 1932 until October 1933 and then moved to Montreal where he supervised the construction of multiple-unit housing projects for the Shell Oil Co. Adamson commenced his own practise in Toronto in July, 1934
In the company of other young talented architects who had emerged in Toronto at this time, including John B. Parkin, Robert S. Morris, and Earle Morgan (the latter with whom he had a brief partnership from 1943 to 1945), the Adamson office grew and by the mid-1950's had become one of the dominant forces in the development of a distinctive Canadian interpretation of modern architecture. Adamson was elected as an Associate Member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1950, and became president of the Ontario Association of Architects in 1953. It was in that year that he received his first Massey Medal from the Governor General for his design of an apartment building on Forest Hill Road at Eglinton Avenue West in Toronto. He retired from active practice in March 1971 and died in Toronto on 8 January 1986

Anderson, Des

  • Person
  • [ca. 1985]

He was an architect who helped build Masonville Place (Masonville Mall), in London, Ontario.

Andrews, John Hamilton

  • Person
  • 1933-present

John Hamilton Andrews was born in Sydney, New South Wales Australia October 29, 1933. He received his B. Arch from the University of Sydney in 1956 and the Masters of Architecture from Harvard University in 1958. He moved to Toronto, after submitting a proposal to the international competition for Toronto City Hall where he was selected as a finalist. He lost but joined the Toronto firm John B. Parkin Associates and worked on the city hall project. In 1962 he left that firm in 1962 to become the chairman of the University of Toronto's architecture program, a position he held until 1967. In 1962 he also established John Andrews Architects.
He has worked on the design of the University of Toronto's Scarborough campus. In 1967 he designed Africa Place as part of Expo 67 in Montreal. In 968 Andrews won the commission to design Gund Hall, a new building at Harvard University. His firm served as design architects on the multidisciplinary team that designed Toronto's CN Tower from 1976 to 2007.
In 1973 Andrews expanded his practice into his native Australia, where it was transformed into John Andrews International Pty Ltd.
He has received many honours including: a Centennial Medal (Canada); a Massey Medal (Canada); the Arnold Brunner Award, National Institute of Arts and Letters (U.S.); and an Ontario Association of Architects 25 Year Award for Scarborough College. He is a Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada and of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA), and a recipient of the RAIA Gold Medal and of an Honor Award from the American Institute of Architects.

Bryant, Richard

  • Person
  • 1947-present

He is a is a British architectural photographer based in the United Kingdom. He has a BA in architecture from the University of Kingston, London. He was the Director and Founder of Arcaid Images (1985-2017) and is a professional photographer.

Belanger, Al

  • Person
  • [ca. 1985]

He was an architect who helped build Masonville Place (Masonville Mall), in London, Ontario.

Atchison, John Danley

  • Person
  • 1870-1959

He played a crucial role in the introduction of innovative 'Chicago school' ideas of structure and form to the architecture of western Canada. He was educated in Chicago and attended post-secondary courses in architecture at the Art Institute of Chicago and at the Chicago Manual Training school. Hewas employed by W. G. Barfield in 1889 and remained there for three years, before joining Jenney & Mundie in 1892 where he served as student and assistant to William LeBaron Jenney (1832-1907), the eminent Chicago architect who was influential in the development of the North American steel-framed skyscraper. He worked with Jenney on his design for the Horticultural Building at the World's Columbian Exposition (1893), and in 1895 became a partner at Tuthill & Atchison. From 1896 until late 1902 he conducted his own practice in Chicago, partnering briefly with Harry W.J. Edbrooke(1903-1904), before returning to practice alone and moving to Winnipeg, Manitoba.
He was among the first architects in western Canada to introduce steel frame construction and terra cotta cladding to high rise buildings; his most accomplished designs are those for the Great West Life Building (1909-11), the Union Trust Building (1912-13), and Bank of Hamilton (1917). In 1911 he entered the competition for the Moose Jaw City Hall and submitted a striking Beaux Arts design which was awarded first prize, but the scheme was not built . In 1913 his design for the Winnipeg City Hall was awarded third prize. That same year he prepared an ambitious proposal for Grand Avenue leading to the new Legislative Buildings in Winnipeg, but this too was never built.
He remained active in Winnipeg until early 1924 when he moved to Pasadena, California and opened a new office. There, his work was primarily domestic in nature and executed in the regional Spanish Colonial style. Assisted by his son John D. Atchison Jr., he maintained an office on East California Boulevard until 1938 when he retired, perhaps due to the injuries he had suffered in a serious auto accident in 1936.

Backler, I.

  • Person
  • [ca. 1958]

He was an architect.

Acres, Peter M.

  • Person
  • [ca. 1967]

He is an architect, who submitted a couple of pieces to the World Expo '67 in Montreal.

Bach, Michael

  • Person
  • [ca. 1949]

Mihkel (Michael) Bach was an Estonian, who studied architecture in Berlin before the Second World War. In 1949, while living in Sweden, he met a visiting professor from the University of Toronto’s School of Architecture. The professor encouraged Bach to come to Toronto to join the faculty of modern architecture, which was still in it’s formative years. Bach brought a modernist architectural style from Western Europe to Toronto and is said to have played an important role in the design of Victoria College’s Wymilwood Residence.