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Authority record

Lovell and Gibson

  • Corporate body
  • 1844-

John Lovell, printer and publisher, was born August 4, 1810 in Ireland. John Lovell’s family farmed near Bandon until 1820 when they immigrated to Lower Canada and took up a farm near Montreal. In 1823 he was apprenticed to the printer Edward Vernon Sparhawk, owner and editor of the Canadian Times and Weekly Literary and Political Recorder of Montreal. Lovell found employment at the Montreal Gazette from 1824 and then worked at Quebec. In 1832 he returned to Montreal where he became foreman in the printing office of L’Ami du peuple, de l’ordre et des lois. By 1836 he was in partnership with Donald McDonald, and that year they established a tory newspaper, the Montreal Daily Transcript, the first penny paper in Lower Canada. The firm of Lovell and McDonald did job, newspaper, and book printing. In April 1838 Lovell and McDonald dissolved their partnership, McDonald retaining the Montreal Daily Transcript while Lovell continued as a job printer. In 1844 he formed a partnership with his brother-in-law John Gibson. The business, located on Rue Saint-Nicolas, expanded. In 1843 Lovell had acquired a locally manufactured press. Four years later he imported the first steam-press into Lower Canada. In 1850 John Gibson passes away. In addition to publishing literary periodicals Lovell and Gibson printed or published an increasing number of titles on a broadening range of subjects.
In 1850, when the Province of Canada reorganized its printing arrangements, Lovell won a ten-year contract. The government’s practice of moving its seat between Montreal, Toronto, and Quebec obliged Lovell to establish offices in those places. By 1851 Lovell and Gibson, as the firm was still called despite Gibson’s death, had an establishment in Toronto, where Lovell had temporarily taken up residence to supervise the government contract. That year, 41 employees worked there, in addition to apprentices, and 30 maintained operations in Montreal. By 1853 he was operating a Quebec office, Lovell and Lamoureux, in partnership with Pierre Lamoureux. In 1866 Lovell’s Canadian operations had been employing 150 people and running 12 steam-presses. After 1872, although the Montreal office continued to print Lovell’s own publications and those of other publishers, the printing of best-sellers was done increasingly by the Lake Champlain Press at Rouses Point. It served as the starting-point for Lovell’s eldest son, John Wurtele. In 1876, with his father and Adam, he established Lovell, Adam and Company in New York to reprint British copyrights in inexpensive editions. They were soon joined by Francis L. Wesson, Lovell’s son-in-law and a son of the Massachusetts gun manufacturer; the firm then became Lovell, Adam, Wesson and Company. John Wurtele left the firm to establish his own house. In 1874 Lovell formed the Lovell Printing and Publishing Company. In 1884 Lovell Printing and Publishing Company had become John Lovell and Son. The following year fire destroyed the original frame office of 1842, and it was replaced by a stone building. Between 1888 and 1890 the firm embarked on a Canadian fiction series that eventually embraced 60 titles published in monthly instalments. By 1893, however, it was concentrating on textbooks. John Lovell died on 1 July 1893.

Chow, Olivia

  • Person
  • 1957-present

Chow is a former Canadian politician who served as federal New Democratic Party Member of Parliament for Trinity-Spadina from 2006–2014, and Toronto city councillor from 1991 to 2005. Chow is the widow of former NDP and Opposition Leader Jack Layton; they were married from 1988 until his death from cancer in 2011. She was a candidate in the 2014 Toronto mayoral election, where she placed third behind winner John Tory and runner-up Doug Ford.
Chow won the Trinity—Spadina riding for the New Democratic Party on January 23, 2006, becoming a member of the House of Commons of Canada. In 2011, she was re-elected in her riding for her third straight win. She speaks Cantonese, Mandarin and English. In May 2012, Chow was named one of the top 25 Canadian immigrants in Canada by Canadian Immigrant magazine. Chow's personal memoir, titled My Journey, was published January 21, 2014. Chow resigned her seat in parliament on March 12, 2014, to run in the 2014 Toronto mayoral election. Following her mayoral election loss, Chow became a distinguished visiting professor at Ryerson University from 2015 to 2018.

Arnold, E.L.

  • Person
  • [ca. 1965]

He worked for Kodak Canada for 39 years, making film emulsion.

Safarian, A. Edward

  • Person

A. Edward Safarian was a professor of Economics in the Department of Political Economy at the University of Toronto.

Abbott, Leonard

  • Person
  • 1878-1953

Attended Uppingham School, England and by age 17, was attending socialist meetings in Liverpool, becoming an admirer of Edward Carpenter and William Morris. In 1897, he moved with his family to America, settling in New York and became a publisher and editor of socialist works, later becoming an anarchist and an ardent defender of homosexuality.

Grant, George Parkin

  • Person
  • 1918-1988

George Parkin Grant was born in Toronto on November 13, 1918. He attended Queen's University studying history and studied theology at Oxford in London. He taught philosophy at Dalhousie University between 1947-1960. He was briefly on faculty at York, resigning rapidly over academic principles. He joined the Department of Religion at McMaster University and returned to Dalhousie to teach Political Science, Classics, and Religion in 1980. He received the Order of Canada. He died in Halifax, Nova Scotia on September 27, 1988.

Borcoman, James W.

  • Person
  • 1926-present

He was a curator of photographs at the National Gallery

Arnheim, Rudolf

  • Person
  • 1904-2007

Rudolf Arnheim was a distinguished psychologist, philosopher and critic whose work explored the cognitive basis of art — how we interpret it and, by extension, the world. His father owned a small piano factory and he was expected to take over one day, but he eschewed this path. Studying at the University of Berlin, he took psychology, philosophy, music and art, earning a doctorate in philosophy (of which psychology was then a discipline) in 1928. He then became an editor at Die Weltbühne, a leftist magazine of politics and culture, where he published articles on film, art and architecture. In 1933, with the rise of Nazism, Arnheim, who was Jewish, fled to Rome. In the late 1930s, after Mussolini allied himself with Hitler, Mr. Arnheim fled to England, where he became a translator for the BBC. In 1940, he arrived in New York. There he taught at the New School for Social Research and also worked as a researcher for Columbia University, where he studied the habits of radio listeners. His work from this period includes collaborating on a survey of daytime-serial audiences. In 1943 Professor Arnheim joined the faculty of Sarah Lawrence. From the mid-’70s on, after retiring from Harvard, he was associated with the University of Michigan and at his death, he was emeritus professor of the psychology of art at Harvard University. His work was focused on the ways in which humans experience the sensory world and was grounded in his training on Gestalt psychology. His best-known books include “Art and Visual Perception” (1954), “Film as Art” (1957) and “Visual Thinking” (1969).

Falk, B.J.

  • Corporate body

A photography studio was located at 949 Broadway, N.Y.

Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

  • Person
  • 1844-1900

Prince Alfred was the fourth child and second son of Queen Victoria and Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the Prince Consort. He joined the navy in August 1858, and was appointed as midshipman on HMS Euryalus at the age of fourteen. Upon the abdication of King Otto of Greece, in 1862, Prince Alfred was selected to succeed him, but the British government blocked plans for him to ascend the Greek throne, largely due to the fact that the Queen strongly opposed the idea. He therefore remained in the navy, and was promoted to the rank of lieutenant on 24 February 1863, serving under Count Gleichen on HMS Racoon, and captain on 23 February 1866, being then appointed to the command of the frigate HMS Galatea. On 24 May 1866, Alfred was created Duke of Edinburgh and Earl of Ulster and Earl of Kent by his mother, Queen Victoria. He was the first member of the British royal family to visit Australia and liked to travel.
On 12 March 1868, he survived an attempted assasination was carried out by Henry James O'Farrell, but was shot in the back by a revolver, which wounded him just to the right of his spine.
In 1874, he married the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia. They had 6 children: Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria, Princess Victoria Melita, Princess Alexandra, a stillborn son and Princess Beatrice.
On the death without an heir of his uncle, Prince Albert's elder brother, Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha on 22 August 1893, Alfred inherited the duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, after his older brother renounced the right.

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