Item RG 946. - British War Medal, Victory (Inter-allied) War Medal and Mentioned in despatches oak leaf sprays

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British War Medal, Victory (Inter-allied) War Medal and Mentioned in despatches oak leaf sprays

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RG 946.

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  • 1916-1919 (Creation)

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4 medals

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Two WWI medals attached together on backing board. One is the British War Medal and the other is the Victory (Inter-Allied) War Medal. Also included are 2 oak leaf sprays (one attached to Victory Medal and the other is loose). Awarded to Willmina Ferguson for her service as part of the Canadian Army Medical Corps. Her name and rank is engraved on the bottom edge of both medals. The following information on the medals can be found at the Veterans Affairs website:

British War Medal - A circular, silver medal, 1.42 inches in diameter. Obverse side shows the King George V, bareheaded coinage effigy, facing left, with the legend: GEORGIVS V BRITT : OMN : REX ET IND : IMP :. The reverse side shows a horseman (St. George, naked), armed with a short sword (an allegory of the physical and mental strength which achieves victory over Prussianism). The horse tramples on the Prussian shield and the skull and cross-bones. Just off-centre, near the right upper rim, is the sun of Victory. The dates 1914 and 1918 appear in the left and right fields respectively. It was attached to a watered ribbon is 1.25 inches wide, and consists of seven stripes: blue (0.125 inches), black (0.0625 inches), white (0.125 inches), orange centre (0.625 inches wide), white (0.125 inches), black (0.0325 inches), and blue (0.125 inches).

The medal was awarded to all ranks of Canadian overseas military forces who came from Canada between 05 August 1914 and 11 November 1918, or who had served in a theatre of war. Those who had enlisted in the O.M.F.C. in the United Kingdom and had not served in a theatre of war were not entitled to this medal. The requirements for RAF personnel were the same as for the army. Naval personnel were required to have 28 days of mobilized service or to have lost their lives before this period of service was complete. Seamen of the Canadian Merchant Marine who served at sea not less than six months, and crews of Dominion Government Ships and the Canadian Mercantile Marine were also eligible. There was no bar to this medal. The medal was authorized on 26 July 1919.

The Victory or Inter-Allied War Medal - A circular, copper medal, lacquered bronze, 1.42 inches in diameter. The obverse side shows the winged, full-length, full-front, figure of Victory, with her left arm extended and holding a palm branch in her right hand. The reverse side shows the legend THE GREAT / WAR FOR / CIVILISATION / 1914 - 1919 in four lines, surrounded by a wreath, with dots below the words. The watered ribbon 1.5 inches (39 mm) wide, and consists of nine coloured stripes: violet, blue, green, yellow, red (centre), yellow, green, blue, and violet. Only the Mentioned-in-Despatches multiple-leaved emblem is worn on this medal when it was awarded for WWI.[Willmina Ferguson awarded two - one attached to medal and the other is loose.]

The medal was awarded to all ranks of the fighting forces, to civilians under contract, and others employed with military hospitals who actually served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war between 05 August 1914 and 11 November 1918 (inclusive). It was also awarded to members of the British Naval mission to Russia 1919 - 1920 and for mine clearance in the North Sea between 11 November 1918 and 30 November 1919. This medal was never issued alone and was always issued with the British War Medal. The Inter-Allied War Medal was agreed to by all allies in March 1919. All medals were to be almost identical to obviate the need to exchange allied medals and each was patterned after a French medal of 1870. The medal was authorized in Britain (and for Canadians) on 01 September 1919.

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There were 2 additional ribbons (one of each) with the medals.

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